A distinctive type of British beer developed as a strong version of Porter. Characterised by a strong roast flavour due to the use of roast barley grains stout was initially a high alcohol beer with a rich aroma and strong burnt taste. Today many versions are lower in strength and have less harsh character. Variations exist with added sweetness through the use of lactose (milk stout) or of shellfish (oyster stout) and with very high alcohol levels (Imperial stout). ABV is between 4.0 and 5.3%, bitterness around 34 and colour 130 but sometimes up to 280EBC.

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